The path of each work of art from the conception to implementation is rather complicated. The hardest is to create sculptures. The work of the sculptor starts with the assessment of the nature of the piece and its theme as well as of the location. The next step is making a sketch. Sketch is a future work in miniature, which has the main idea of the piece. Work on the sketch is a period of intense creative research and gathering of all of the artist’s creative abilities as well as the time of birth of the future work and a display of artistic taste and talents of the sculptor. The research may take an artist on multiple paths and then sketches are made but only one gets to be chosen. Often the customer will have the last word in choosing the sketch. It is important that the customer trusts the artists taste, experience and talent then the product will be perfect.
During the third step a model of a height of one meter will be produced. On this model the shape, proportions and all the details are worked out. Fourth step is to create a model in full size out of clay, which is an exact copy of a one meter model. During this stage production of a frame begins. Frame is a skeleton of the future clay model, which holds the clay and also withstands, depending on the size of the sculpture, substantial weight of the whole clay model. If the frame fails clay will not stick to it. If it’s not strong enough the sculpture at some point may collapse. On the finished frame clay is applied which is the main material of the sculptor. Clay model cannot be kept for long: the clay dries, loses its volume and the model is unusable. For this reason, immediately after completion of the clay model plaster copy or a plaster form is made. Plaster form is used to create a full scale of a plaster copy.
The process of the next stage depends on the material from which the sculpture will be produced.
If it’s a stone: granite, marble, etc., the master with special technologies, tools and measuring devices cuts the stone slab the size of which slightly exceeds the size of the future sculpture or a plaster replica model. Plaster model that is the copy of the original clay model is used as a masterpiece example from which it can measured the size of the odd rock that needs to be removed.
If sculpture is to be embodied in bronze or other material that has plastic properties the inverse (negative) fragmented form is used in which the melted wax is poured or other pliable material (like concrete for example) which at that time has plastic properties. The wax form is used to build a new fire-resistant negative form in which molten metal is poured. Some fragments of sculpture are joined by welding (bronze and other metals) or gluing (concrete, artificial stone and other non metals). In order to make the sculpture as it was designed by the artist detailing must be done, removing the technological elements and technological errors and polishing the surface.
The last phase is mounting and installation of the work for its permanent exhibition.